Jump to Navigation

Facial Paralysis

What Causes the Birth Injury Facial Paralysis?

Facial palsy or paralysis can occur following labor complications or nerve damage. The facial nerve, called the seventh cranial nerve, can be damaged by a medical instrument, the pelvic bone or a doctor's brute force. While a relatively uncommon birth injury, facial paralysis can be extremely damaging and may be permanent, especially if caused by an instrument or seizure.

Facial Paralysis Caused by a Preventable Birth Injury

Certain pregnancy complications may increase the risk of a birth injury like facial paralysis, including:

  • A small birth canal or large baby
  • Oxygen deprivation during delivery
  • Epidural, instrument or forceps use during labor

The use of forceps has been documented to cause facial paralysis in some cases of difficult delivery. That's due to the fact that the instrument uses force to assist with the delivery. A doctor's use of forceps may also cause a seizure, which can lead to temporary or permanent facial paralysis.

The signs and symptoms of facial paralysis in infants include bruising, inability to close or open the eye on the damaged side, a drooping mouth on the affected side and developmental delays. Facial paralysis can be improved or mitigated with physical therapy, speech and language therapy or occupational therapy for some, while severe facial paralysis and nerve damage may be permanent.

Learn More About Taking Legal Action

The Birth Injury Team is a subsidiary of Silvers, Langsam & Weitzman, P.C., made up of experienced attorneys and medical professionals. Our lawyers have more than 100 years of combined experience handling birth injury lawsuits.

To discuss your child's birth injury with one of our professionals, contact our office in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. We serve clients across the United States.


Located in Philadelphia, Silvers, Langsam & Weitzman, P.C., home of MyPhillyLawyer, serves clients in Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania, and throughout the United States.

En Español
SL&W | Silvers, Langsam & Weitzman | Attorneys At Law | Have Your Case Reviewed by our Legal and Medical Team Download Our Brochure | Coping with a Birth Injury

Ask Us a Question?

Contact us toll free at: 215-227-2727 or
contact us by using the free case review form below:

Bold labels are required.

Contact Information

The use of the Internet or this form for communication with the firm or any individual member of the firm does not establish an attorney-client relationship. Confidential or time-sensitive information should not be sent through this form.


Privacy Policy